Periodontology is a field of dentistry that deals with the treatment, prevention, and diagnostics of the supportive dental structure: bone, gums, and fibres that are connecting the bone and the tooth. In the early stages, gum-related problems are usually unobservable because they have no expressed symptoms. If gum diseases are untreated and unnoticed, they can lead to a reduction of the bone that surrounds the teeth.
These diseases are painless, progressive and usually slow in their progress. Seventy-five percent of people that are thirty-five plus have one of these issues.
The fact is that more people after the age of forty, lose their teeth if facing this problem than to any other. The plaque bacteria are the foe in our mouth. It remains on bridges, crowns, teeth and other tissues of the cavity.
The main problem with this issue is that if it’s not removed in time, it can cause the decay of the jaw bone, instability of teeth and losing them. It is like your hands are bleeding any time you wash them. Of course, you would notice this and be worried, who wouldn’t?
However, many people when brushing or flossing do not pay any attention to the gum’s redness or bleeding. But, don’t take this problem for granted! If this is happening to you often, then it is a certain sign of the gum edge’s inflammation.
FIRST STAGE – GINGIVITIS
The first stage of this disease is gingivitis, and this kind of inflammation is one of its main characteristics. It will lead to the creation of the ‘’pocket’’ between the gums and the tooth if you don’t treat it correctly and if it spreads. The symptoms are bleeding, swollen and red gums while you are eating, chewing, brushing teeth or flossing.
If you do not treat it, it will progress to periodontitis. If the teeth supporting tissues are damaged, and you neglect this disease, after some time you will need a surgical procedure.
WHAT CAUSES PERIODONTITIS?
Bad lifestyle habits including teeth grinding and smoking and poor oral hygiene are the primary causes of this disease. Symptoms include swelling and inflammation of the gums, unpleasant taste in the mouth, bad breath, teeth instability, receding of the gums and redness. Most people consider them normal and don’t recognize them in time.
For the development of this issue, the plaque bacteria’s presence is necessary. When you don’t have good oral hygiene, it allows the bacteria to build upon the teeth’s surface, and it produces acids which will ruin the enamel and make the environment that will be perfect for the dental supportive structure’s inflammation.
NOTICE ON TIME AND TREAT IT
Using a particular instrument, periodontologist measures the depth of the gingival sulcus. It is a simple procedure that will cause you no pain! If it is deeper more than three mm, then you have a periodontal pocket, and the dentist will diagnose you with periodontitis. But, if it is three mm long or less, then your gums are healthy.
It is also essential to make X-rays because using only instruments cannot determine is there some changes and reduction of teeth surrounding bone. After the check-up, the dentist will explain what is the best thing to do in your case and determine the treatment. Since the plaque and tartar are disease’s main causes, the therapy commences with their removal.
The next important thing is to clean the gingival pocket. There might be the need for some medicine and even a surgical removal if the periodontitis is in an advanced stage. Bear in mind that the best protection for it is maintaining great oral hygiene!
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